Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue that normally lines your uterus and is shed during menstruation is not only found in your uterus but also on the outside, your pelvic cavity, bladder, bowels, ovaries, fallopian tubes and nearly everywhere in your pelvic cavity. Endometriosis can cause severe levels of pain during menstruation as well as intercourse. As they grow they can impact the tissue they form on and when present on the ovaries can cause endometrial cysts called endometrioma. Endometrial adhesions on the on the fallopian tubes can result in scar tissue forming and this will prevent eggs from passing into the uterus resulting in an ectopic pregnancy and further damage to the fallopian tubes.
The only way to diagnose Endometriosis to undergo laparoscopic surgery as ultrasounds or pap smears cannot diagnose the condition. During surgery, a small incision is made in the abdomen for a tiny camera and a second incision is made to facilitate a tube used to pump air into the abdomen. Inflating the abdomen allows more space and a better view of tissues and adhesions are then removed. The surgery itself isn’t painful but more of an uncomfortable bloated feeling the next day and very gassy.
Doctors often recommend Lupron injections that kill the adhesions by halting the growth for at least 6 months. Contraceptive pills are often used to treat the symptoms or prevent the reoccurrence of fibroids.
Many women with endometriosis have successful pregnancies thanks to IVF treatments. IVF is often recommended for women with moderate to severe endometriosis whose bodies haven’t responded to other treatments such as IUI.
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