What Is Endometriosis?

What Is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition in women when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus starts to grow in other places. Sometimes on the ovaries and Fallopian tubes. This can affect women at any age of their life and can be long term and have a great impact on your life.

Symptoms of Endometriosis:

Symptoms can vary, because for some women it may be more severe, while for others symptoms might not be obvious.

The main symptoms of endometriosis are:

  • pain in your abdomen (pelvic pain) – or back pain.
  • Severe period pain that become unmanageable.
  • pelvic or vagina pain during or after sex
  • blood in your urine during your monthly period
  • Fertility problems

Your period is a constant heavy flow. Endometriosis can have a great impact on a women’s life and might result in deep depression.

Causes of endometriosis:

It is thought to be because of several factors that includes:

  • Retrograde menstruation: Endometriosis tissue from the period flows back into the Fallopian tubes instead of being released out of the body.
  • Genetics: Endometriosis can be inherit generational.
  • Hormones: Because endometriosis rely on estrogen, and in many cases the tissue develop a resistance to progesterone.
  • Chemicals: Endometriosis can happen from exposure to certain chemicals and pesticides.
  • Immune dysfunction: The immune system often is compromised in women with endometriosis.

When to see a Doctor

See a doctor if you’re experiencing the symptoms of endometriosis, and if it impact on your life. It may help to write down your symptoms before seeing a doctor. A doctor will ask about your symptoms, and might require to examine your abdomen and vagina. Your doctor will suggest treatments should they diagnose endometriosis. If treatment doesn’t work an ultrasound or laparoscopy will be done. This will help them see any tissue of endometriosis and where it is.

Treatments for endometriosis

Whilst there is no cure for endometriosis yet, there are treatments that can help ease the symptoms and pain.

Treatments include:

  • pain relievers – ibuprofen and paracetamol
  • contraceptives and hormone medication
  • In some cases surgery may be required to remove the patches of endometriosis tissue.
  • In some cases it might require a hysterectomy to remove the womb.

Your doctor will tell you what your best options are. It is always better to seek medical help than to allow more tissue build up.

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