Educated women generally have fewer children than uneducated women. This negative relationship is strong and varies across both developed and developing countries. Fertility education needs to be at the top of the agenda if we want to make a major impact in preventing infertility.
Sex and relationship education is for now and fertility education is for the future. We need to empower our young people with education on fertility so that they can stand a better chance of falling pregnant when they choose to.
Improvements in women’s education affect fertility through the number of children a couple can have, the number of children they want, and the ability to control birth through the availability of contraceptives and the knowledge of how to use them. A woman’s actual number of children falls somewhere between the number she desires and her natural fertility level. The influencing factors are age and fertility control.
Education can reduce fertility because better-educated women earn more and may raise their children more effectively. Education also improves the health of a woman during pregnancy and child health, thereby increasing a woman’s physical capacity to give birth.
Fertility in schools has focused on how not to get pregnant, knowing how to prevent pregnancy is only one side of the picture though, and most young people know very little about what may influence their future fertility.
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